American presidential election 2020: who are the candidates?

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The US presidential election will be held on November 3, 2020. If President Donald Trump announced his election as a candidate for a second term, his potential opponents have never been so numerous. Here are the declared candidates.

JOE BIDEN

The former vice president of Barack Obama has formalized his candidacy for the nomination of the Democratic Party, after several months of reflection. "The fundamental values ​​of this nation, our rank in the world, our very democracy, all that made America is at stake. That's why I announce my candidacy for the presidency of the United States ", He said in a video posted on his Twitter account.

This is the third attempt of this 76-year-old veteran of the politics, who had already started in the primary race of 1988 and 2008. Elected senator in November 1972, Joe Biden will access a few years later the post of Chairman of the Legal Affairs Committee and then Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee.

This son of a car salesman bears the weight of many wounds of the past, including the death of his son Beau in 2015, following a brain cancer.

In 2016, Joe Biden was already planning to start a presidential bid, quickly dissuaded by Barack Obama, persuaded that Hillary Clinton was more likely to win.

Bernie Sanders

After competing until the end of the Democratic nomination to Hillary Clinton in 2016, Bernie Sanders announced February 19 that he would be a candidate again. He is therefore a favorite, many who believe that he could beat Donald Trump if he had been the Democratic candidate.

77-year-old Senator from Vermont which defends a "socialist democracy", promotes the establishment of universal health coverage, a free public university or a minimum wage of 15 dollars (13.3 euros). Concern for some, favorite critic for others: in case of victory, Sanders will be 82 years old at the end of his term in 2024.

Vermont Independent Senator Bernie Sanders in June 2016 in Santa Monica, California at a Democracy Primary Campaign Rally (JONATHAN ALCORN / AFP / Archives)

Elizabeth Warren

She was the first woman to start the race for the Democratic nomination. On December 31, 2018, Senator Elizabeth Warren, 70, came to her home in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to join her husband, Harvard professor Bruce H. Mann, to announce his decision.

A figurehead of the Democratic Party since Hillary Clinton left, she was one step ahead of her competitors.

After being a law professor, she was appointed to the position of Senator of Massachusetts in 2013, becoming the first woman to hold this position in that state. A Wall Street defender, she was named two years later as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine.

Became one of Donald Trump's most notorious opponents, she has been the target of the American president's scathing tweets since July 2018 because of his Amerindian origins. The woman who was nicknamed "Pocahontas" by the tenant of the White House had finally published on its website a DNA test whose results showed "strong evidence of the existence of Native American ancestors", "going back to a period between six and ten generations.

His program, similar to that of Bernie Sanders, is firmly on the left of the American political scene. She advocates for control of banks and Wall Street, a universal health system, a higher minimum wage and climate protection.

PETE BUTTIGIEG

At 37, he is the youngest of the declared candidates, with Tulsi Gabbard. Mayor of the small town of South Bend (Indiana) since the age of 29, Pete Puttigieg hopes to become the first openly gay candidate.

"We are the generation that experienced the school shootings, who fought in the wars after 9/11, and we are the generation that left to earn less than our parents unless we change things," she said. he declared by announcing his candidacy, on January 23, 2019.

A former soldier, he was deployed in Afghanistan and was later decorated for his counterterrorism services.

KAMALA HARRIS

Democratic Senator Kamala Harris, whose name means "lotus flower" in Sanskrit, announced her candidacy on January 21 for 2020, the same week as Shirley Chisholm, the first African-American woman to run for president, there are forty-five seven years. Born of a Jamaican father and an Indian mother, she symbolically chose the "Martin Luther King Jr Day" to declare herself.

Aged 54, she presents herself as the candidate of justice, decency and equality. "There are values ​​that Americans cherish, and they are all under threat now," she says in the video for the launch of her campaign.

Originally from Oakland, California, she was a San Francisco attorney from 2003 to 2016, before being elected to the Senate in 2016. She was the first woman and the first African American to become California's Attorney General.

She was particularly noted during the hearings of members of the Trump administration. Some of his exchanges with Supreme Court candidate Brett Kavanaugh had become viral.

Beto O'Rourke

Beto O'Rourke (Roberto from his real name) announced on March 13 at a local television in his state of Texas that he was a candidate. An announcement expected for the one who must be considered as one of the most serious contenders for the Democratic nomination.

In the process, he said in Vanity Fair: "I was born to be, and I want to do all that is humanly possible for this country in this period."

At age 46, the former Texas congressional representative gained national prominence in 2018 by facing Republican Ted Cruz for a Senate seat in the mid-term. Beaten, he had done better than any democrat before him in a traditionally conservative state.

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Charismatic, he was then compared to Barack Obama and quickly became the darling of the media. Of Irish origin, a member of a punk band in his youth, fluent in Spanish, Beto O'Rourke has something to attract voters.

Despite the fervor that surrounded the announcement of his candidacy, the one described by his Republican opponents as "terribly progressive" is still struggling to remain in the polls, far behind the top three Biden-Sanders-Warren.

Cory Booker

Often compared to Barack Obama, Cory Booker announced his candidacy for the Democratic inauguration on February 1, 2019. Mayor of Newark (2006-2013) and Senator of New Jersey, aged 49, he is considered one of the stars rising from the Democratic Party.

"The history of our nation is defined by collective action, by the intertwined fates of slaves and abolitionists, of those born here and of those who have chosen America as their home," said the elected in the video announcing his entry in the running. He also discusses the difficulties faced by family members because of their skin color, explaining that a group of white lawyers helped them defend their rights. "They changed the course of my life. Because in the United States, courage is contagious. "

Known for his verb and laughter contagious laughter, this former American footballer had inherited the nickname "super-mayor" after entering a house on fire in 2012, to jump a neighbor.

A time tipped to be Hillary Clinton's running mate for the elections in 2016, his career is reminiscent of Barack Obama's. Son of IBM executives, he grew up in a mostly white environment, and campaigned for civil rights, leading actions in poor neighborhoods.

However, it has two weak points: its proximity to many large bosses, which could handicap him facing more "left" candidates, and the fact that he is single. The last election of a US president without a wife goes back to 1884.

ANDREW YANG

At 44, entrepreneur Andrew Yang decided to start the race for president at the end of January. His program recalls that of socialist candidate Benoît Hamon in 2017, since it offers a universal income of $ 1,000 per month for any American over the age of 18 years.

He also puts forward the threat that he considers technological developments for employment. "It's clear to me that job creation will not outpace the massive job destruction associated with automation. These days are over, "he said.

AMY KLOBUCHAR

The Senator of Minnesota, Amy Klobuchar, declared her candidacy on February 10, 2019, in the snow and by – 10 °. At 58, he does not go away, but plays on a candidacy "from the heart of the country" and its proximity to the voters. Her autobiography is thus entitled "senator next door".

The fight against climate change, immigration reform, and the "shameful" tragedies caused by an unequal health insurance system are all topics she chose to address in her speech announcing her application.

TULSI GABBARD

Aged 37, Tulsi Gabbard started the race for president on January 12, 2019, becoming the second woman to have officially announced her intention to run for the Democratic nomination for the 2020 presidential election.

She has been a congresswoman since Hawaii since 2013. She was the first American of Samoan descent and the first Hindu-speaking parliamentarian to join the House of Representatives.

A former soldier, Tulsi Gabbard was read at the Hawaii Assembly at the age of 21, before enlisting in the National Guard of the island. She volunteered during a deployment in Iraq in 2005 and in 2009 in the Middle East.

When she announced her candidacy, she cited as major goals the reform of the health system, the judicial system and the fight against climate change.

Julian Castro

This 44-year-old former Obama administration member started the race for the Democratic nomination on January 12, 2019. The grandson of a Mexican immigrant, he dreams of becoming the first Hispanic to access the House. white.

"When my grandmother came here almost 100 years ago, I'm sure she would never have imagined that only two generations later, one of her grandchildren would be a congressional United States and the other one will stand here today to say these words: I'm a candidate for the presidency of the United States, "he told his supporters in San Antonio, Texas, to attend the launch of his campaign.

His personal story makes him a fierce opponent of Donald Trump's anti-migrant policy. "It's certainly not about putting children in a cage that will keep us safe," he said. We say no to building the wall and yes to building communities.

Former mayor of San Antonio, he had captured the attention of the country becoming in 2012 the first Latin American to deliver a speech at the National Democratic Convention. Barack Obama had integrated him into his team once elected, appointing him housing secretary.

In the tradition of Barack Obama, Julian Castro is in favor of universal health coverage, investments in education, the protection of minorities and has taken a stand in the fight against global warming.

The ambitious Latino Texan, Julian Castro, announced in January his candidacy for the American presidential election "class =" lazy-loaded "data-icon =" "height =" 112 "src =" https://static.cnews.fr /sites/default/files/styles/image_200_112/public/julian_castro_brendan_smialowski.jpg?itok=na3gAfOt

TIM RYAN

Ohio Chamber of Representatives (US Congress House), Tim Ryan, announced on April 4 that he would run for the Democratic nomination in an interview on ABC.

The 45-year-old parliamentarian plans to pledge President Donald Trump on one of his 2016 campaign promises: saving jobs in the Rust Belt and the Midwest, the industrial lungs of the United States. With the support of the unions, this moderate Democrats intends to seduce the voters of the working class who failed Hilary Clinton in 2016.

BILL OF BLASIO

After months of procrastination, New York Mayor Bill de Blasio finally entered the presidential race on May 16th. It is by publishing a video on YouTube that the democratic leader has revealed his candidacy. Three minutes during which the fiftieth anniversary extols the policies put in place during his two mandates in the first American city, especially for the benefit of "working families".

The decline in crime and projects for early education in his city should indeed be among the assets of the candidate, formerly Hilary Clinton support.

The man who says he is "ready to challenge" Donald Trump, another New Yorker, had also organized a few days before a small demonstration inside the Trump Tower, the emblematic skyscraper of the New York magnate on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan to denounce the carbon footprint of the 58 floors of the tower among the most polluting of the US financial capital.

STEVE BULLOCK

Elected in a rural state, largely owned by Donald Trump, able to seduce even the conservatives, Steve Bullock intends to make the difference in the race for the American presidential election. In announcing his candidacy on May 14, the Montana state governor set a new record: he is the 22nd Democrat to want to face the Republican tycoon in 2020.

At 53, this moderate Democrat, married, father of three, wants to make the reduction of inequalities a priority, to give all Americans a "same chance" of success. It also focuses on a reform of campaign financing and education for toddlers.

John Delaney

The first candidate to declare, as of July 2017, John Delaney, 55, left his seat as Maryland representative in Congress to get into the race.

John Delaney presents himself as a Catholic attached to the mission of social justice of the Church. At the head of a personal fortune estimated at more than 50 million dollars, he was in 1995 the youngest officer of a company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. This does not prevent it from advocating an increase in taxes on businesses, in order to finance infrastructure and universal health coverage. It also wants to limit CO2 emissions to fight against global warming.

John Hickenlooper

Former Colorado governor John Hickenlooper announced on March 4, 2019 his candidacy. "I am running for the presidential election because we are facing a crisis that threatens everything we believe in," he said in a video posted on his Twitter account, showing at the same time a photograph of the current US president.

The 60-year-old recalls his past as an entrepreneur – including a beer brewery – and then as mayor of Denver (2003-2011), the capital of Colorado.

Marianne Williamson

Writer, author of successful personal development books (four of her books are New York Times bestsellers), Marianne Williamson appears as the most atypical candidate in these elections.

His most famous quote, from his book "A Return to Love" (1992) is: "Our greatest fear is not that we are not up to it. Our greatest fear and we are powerful beyond measure. It's our light, not our darkness, that scares us. "

A great friend of Oprah Winfrey, supported by Kim Kardashian and Laura Dern, among others, she relies on her popularity with the Americans to try to win.

Activist, she was one of the first to come to the aid of AIDS victims since the 1980s, working with the gay community, while still relying on a religious message.

Politically, she is on the far left of the American political spectrum, advocating in particular for reparations in favor of African-Americans, on the model of compensations offered by the German state to the Jews.

Wayne MESSAM

Late candidate, Wayne Messam, mayor of Miramar, Florida's middle city, arrives on a stage filled with other candidates for the Democratic nomination.

Of Jamaican origin by his parents, this 44-year-old university football champion at the university has also led a building society before becoming involved in politics.

Since the formalization of his candidacy on March 23rd, he has made a progressive speech on immigration, weapons or the environment. His priority: to end the stupendous debts of American students.

Seth Moulton

Representative at the Massachusetts State Congress, 40-year-old Seth Moulton is focusing on his image as a veteran. Former Marine – he has been to Iraq four times – Harvard graduate calls for new approach to foreign policy, national security and defense, but calls for tougher limitation on the carrying of firearms .

If he is one of the least known faces of Democratic candidates, Seth Moulton was nevertheless noted for standing against the candidacy of Nancy Pelosi, the current speaker of the House of Representatives, before finally supporting his nomination .

Michael Bennet

Colorado Senator Michael Bennet, entered the presidential campaign in early May. This moderate Democrat, in search of compromise, had to postpone the launch of his campaign after being diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Since then, this father of three has been putting his priorities forward – education, climate, immigration, health and national security – while calling for more efforts in the field of artificial intelligence.

Joe Sestak

Former Navy admiral and Pennsylvania congressman Joe Sestak, whose real name is Joseph Ambrose Sestak, 67, announced on June 23 at his own campaign site that he was joining the Democratic primary and running for office. presidential election in 2020.

Despite an unexpected and rather late candidacy, this liberal Democrat quickly justified his delay: he wanted to spend time with his daughter, who was fighting against brain cancer, which she has since beaten.

A native of Pennsylvania, the 60-year-old was elected to Congress in 2006, defeating a ten-out incumbent. He served in the Army from 1974 to 2005, concluding his career with the rank of Vice Admiral.

Tom Steyer

With a rather late bid vis-à-vis its competitors, the US billionaire Tom Steyer, 62, announced on July 9 that he joined the race for the Democratic nomination. In January, however, he had given up trying to compete, preferring to concentrate his efforts to dismiss the American president. But he finally changed his mind (or almost) at the last minute.

This ecologist donor is indeed funding a very active campaign in favor of an impeachment procedure against Donald Trump since his arrival at the White House. The sexagenarian had thus spent millions of dollars of his personal fortune in commercials calling to mobilize against the American president.

Committed to global warming and the promotion of renewable energies, the New Yorker also promises to "end the control of our policy by large companies."

Since the beginning of the Democratic nomination contest, four Democratic candidates have thrown in the towel: Richard Ojeda, former West Virginia senator, considered "not having the ability to compete" with other competitors, just like Jay Inslee, Governor of Washington State and Kirsten Gillibrand, Senator from New York. Eric Swalwell, representative of California, has preferred to focus on his re-election to Congress.

And among Republicans?

In Orlando, Florida, current US President Donald Trump announced, unsurprisingly, his bid for a second term on June 18.

William F. Weld, former governor of Massassuchetts (1991-1997), is the only Republican to dare to challenge the current tenant of the White House. He is also a member of the Libertarian Party for which he was a vice-presidential candidate for Gary Johnson's 2016 runner-up.

As an anecdote, Bill Weld is married to Theodore Roosevelt's great-granddaughter, Susan Roosevelt.



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